United States Army Air Corps
Before becoming United States military pilots, fledgling Army aviators underwent the arduous task of attending and
completing Air Corps cadet training.  Aviation training consisted of several blocks of training from basic flight instruction to
advanced flight school.  The task of making it successfully through flight school was no easy task and many would-be
recruits found themselves washed out of the training programs and on their way to carrying a rifle as part of an infantry
unit, or off to learn another trade as part of an aircrew.  Below are a number of Army Air Corp. cadet items in my
collection.  As indicated above, all of these items are original, WWII or in some cases pre-WWII items.
Above, left to right:   1)  An Army Air Corps Cadet visor cap with original marked cap device.  
2)  A light blue, pre-war Air Corps cadet cap with a royal blue band and Air Corps Cadet device.  
Above:  Two original wartime photographs of the same
Army Air Corps cadet.  The cadet is unidentified.  The
PT-19A in the photos is identified as aircraft #
42-33691, which is known to have operated out of
Thompson-Robbins Field, Arkansas during the war.
Two wartime photographs of the same Army Air Corps cadet, identified on one of the
photographs as Del Morrison, with the photos both dated 1942.
Pre-War and Training Items:   Army Air Corps Cadet
Above:  A rare, wartime color photograph
of an Army Air Corps cadet.
A squadron dance for the 327th School Squadron, Basic Flying
School was held on January 16, 1942.  This is most likely
related to Minter Field, one of the largest Army Air Corps
training fields ever established, which was located in Bakersfield,
California.  The invitation came in its original envelope.
For more information about Minter Field, see their website at:  
www.minterairfieldmuseum.com.
The C.E. Daniel Collection
Sustineo Alas:  Sustain the Wings
The distinctive insignia (DI) of the United States Army Air Force Technical Training Command, the Sustineo Alas pin
displays a golden urn on a background of blue, holding three feather plumes and the words "Sustineo Alas" across the
bottom on a golden background.  Each of the three plumes represents each of the components of the United States Army
Air Corps:  the plane, the aircrew and the ground crew.  Approved for wear on July 24, 1942, these DI were worn to
denote assignment to the Army Air Corps Training Command, and would later be replaced upon reassignment.
The modern interpretation is "Keep them flying."
Four different examples of the wartime Sustineo Alas pin.  Seen is the
difference between the various makers of the same basic insignia.  The
pin on the far right is a plastic version of the more commonly found all
metal examples.
Some hot-shot wing over wing flying in an AT-6!
CPTP and the War Training Service
Civilian Flight Instructors in WWII
Prior to 1940, the United States Army had approximately 4,500 pilots, including just over 2,000 who were active-duty
officers, just over 2,100 reserve officers and a little over 300 who were national guard officers.  As war seemed more
likely, the number of needed pilots grew rapidly from 982 in 1939, to approximately 8,000 in 1940, to over 27,000 in
1941.  Still, with these record numbers, more pilots were still needed.  At the time, the United States Army could not
sufficiently handle the training of the large number of flying cadets required.  The U.S. Army Air Forces relied on
additional pilots from the CPTP (Civilian Pilot Training Program) and a large network of civilian flight schools under
contract to the US Air Corps, as well as conducting training in its own schools.
The CPTP (often shortened to CPT) would eventually operate at more than 1,100 colleges and universities, with over
1,400 individual flight schools.  As a result of the high level of training provided by the CPTP, CPTP-trained pilots did
well while receiving additional training at US Air Corps flight schools.  Between 1939 and 1945, the CPTP would go on
to train more than 435,000 pilots, logging over 12 million flight hours!
Following the attack on Pearl Harbor, the CPTP became known as the War Training Service or WTS. From 1942 until
the summer of 1944, WTS trainees attended college courses and took private flight training, signing agreements to
enter into military service after their graduation.
Graduates of the CPTP/WTS program entered into the US Army Air Corps Enlisted Reserve.  Most graduates
continued their flight training and commissioned as combat pilots.  Still others became service pilots, liaison pilots,
ferry pilots and glider pilots, instructors, or commercial pilots in the Air Transport Command.  As the defeat of the Axis
powers seemed imminent, and as it became clear that fewer pilots would be required in the future, the US military
services ended their agreement with the CPTP/WTS in early 1944.  The program was concluded in 1946.
The CPTP and WTS provided a much needed service to the US Air Corps both before and during WWII.  The
CPTP/WTS provided the US Air Corps with civilian pilots who could easily transition to military pilot training, thus
speeding up the process of getting qualified military pilots into aircraft of all kinds and off to the front.
This page is dedicated to the civilian flight instructors and the civilian pilots who
participated in the CTPT/WTS program.  Their dedication to our nation and their sacrifice
provided a much needed service which made a major contribution to the defeat of the
Axis powers in WWII.

The items shown on this page are part of my private collection and are NOT for sale.  
Please feel free to contact me with any comments or questions.  If you see any errors
on this page, I would appreciate hearing from you.
Three views of a CAA/War Training Service visor cap, with original cap badge insignia.  The visor cap is shown with a
CAATC headset.  Both the visor cap and the headset came together from the estate of a man who served as a civilian
flight instructor during WWII.
A pink, Army Air Corps overseas cap with its original CAA/War
Training Service insignia.  This particular cap was once worn and
owned by Hermann Kropp of Stroudsberg, Pennsylvania.  If
anyone has any additional information concerning Mr. Kropp, I
would enjoy hearing from you.
Left:  Three Department of Commerce, CPT Pilot Rating
Books issued to James Berton Rudolph, and Mr.
Rudolph's original pair of Enlisted Reserve CPT wings.  
As was occassionally practiced among CPT graduates,
the "CPT" on the shield of the wings has been ground
down to denote graduation from the program.
Mr. Rudolph attended his CPT/WTS training at
Muscatine Jr. College, with the log books showing his
participation in "Elementary Army", "Army Secondary"
and "Elementary Cross Country."  The log books cover
a time period from November of 1942 to January of
1944.  The log books are well filled out and contain
terrific details about the training Mr. Rudolph received.
The log books indicate Mr. Rudolph did the majority of
his training in Taylorcraft and WACO UPF bi-planes.  
Both were staples in the CPT/WTS program.
Civilian Flight Instructor cap device.
At an unknown airfield, civilian flight instructors stand-by awaiting assignments to trainees who are
themselves hoping to become military aviators.
A wartime, 8x10 photograph showing a civilian instructor with five aviation cadets.  The cadet on the lower left signed his
name as "Douglas E. Caldwell, Seffner, Florida."  The cadet in the upper left signed his name as "Bill Chandler, Tulsa,
Okla."  The instructor also signed the photograph as "John L. Fisher, Salisbury, Conn."
A wartime, 8x10 photograph showing three graduating classes from the Spartan Technical Training School in Tulsa,
Oklahoma in 1943.  If anyone from this graduating class comes across this page or if you have any information about this
photograph, I would enjoy hearing from you.
A very common sight to many Army Air Corps cadets, a PT-17 instrument panel.  When I first obtained this panel it
was void of any instruments.  I used only original, wartime era instruments to bring this instrument panel back to its
original configuration.
An original wartime pair of Susineo
Alas DI';s, still in their original Gemsco
box.
The wartime tunic of a civilian flight instructor in the employ
of the United States Army Air Corps.  Displayed appropriately
on the right cuff is the gold embroidered wings of a civilian
flight instructor.
Two photographs showing civilian flight instructors serving at Victory Field, Vernon, Texas during the war.  The instructor
on the right has been identified as E. T. Belton, while the pilot on the left was identified as L. M. Rushinf.
Counter
webmaster@danielsww2.com
To see a grouping in my collection related to another civilian flight instructor, click on the photo above and
visit the page for Clarence S. Page Jr.
Left:  An "elementary course" CPT Pilot Rating Book
fissued to Francis Lee McLean.  The log book is dated
February 19th, 1943, and shows McLean attending
flight training at Nebraska State Teachers College, with
Clinch Flying Service as the contractor providing the
instruction.  Little is known about McLean's military
service, which I am still researching.  I do know that he
entered into the United States Navy Reserve as a pilot,
losing his life on April 19th, 1945 having earned the Air
Medal.  McLean is buried in the Manila American
Cemetary in the Philippines, Plot H, Row 6, Grave 112.  
As additional information about his military aviation
career comes to light, I will update this section of the
webpage.
Above:  Six CPT flight log books and a Pilot Information file from the military service of Carlton Alfred Smith of
Mansfield, Ohio.  Born on January 15, 1921, in Mansfield, Smith would become a pilot in the late 1930's and later found
himself in the role of flight instructor for the United States Army Air Corps during WWII.  Smith would maintain his love
of flying throughout his life, later serving a long career with the Mansfield Fire Department.  Mr. Smith passed away in
March of 2011, at the age of 90.
Smith's log books show that he attended the majority of his training at Harrington Air Service Inc. in Mansfield, Ohio.  The
log books cover a period from December of 1941 into late 1943, and show that Smith was part of both the Civilian Pilot
Training Program and the War Training Service.  The Harrington Air Service trained 1,500 pilots for military service during
WWII.
Above/Left:  An original era United States Army Air Corps cadet
jacket, complete with Air Corps cadet insignia/patch,
appropriately applied to the right sleeve.  The close-up of the
cadet insignia above shows the method of attachment to the
jacket.
Above:  Combat Crew 291-54 while training in Topeka, Kansas, January 8, 1945.  This is the Loveall crew, with the
members identified on the reverse of the photograph as: Glenn R. Loveall (Pilot), Albert Amerian (Co-Pilot), Frank
Weible (Navigator), Gay Waldroup (Bombardier), Wayne Barnes (Upper Gunner), Ralph A. Simna (Radio Operator),
John Paradise (Tail Gunner), John E. Burgin (Engineer), Layton T. Boulden (Nose Gunner), Sterling C. Diaz (Ball
Gunner).  The crewman with the patch on his eye was identified as John Paradise.  Glenn Loveall is on the far left, in
the front row.
Mr. Loveall would go on to fly 15 combat missions, surviving the war and making the Air Force his career.  Loveall
flew both the B-17 and the B-24 during the war, and would later fly the B-36 Peacemaker.
An overseas cap from the Glenn Shoop grouping,
showing the appropiately applied early CPT patch.  
Shoop attended CPT training at the Univrsity of
Oklahoma.  To see additional items related to Mr.
Shoop, please click
HERE.
As evident by the insignia on his cap, a civilian flight instructor and four of his students pose in front of their PT-19.
Above:  The wing at the top is the example that once belonged to James Berton Rudolph.  The wing at the bottom is
another original CPT wing, uncleaned and just as I obtained it.  The difference can clearly be seen between the example
with the "CPT" rubbed off and the bottom example of an issue wing.
Left:  A wartime era private photograph of four Army Air Corps
aviation cadets.  The man standing to the far left is Robert M.
Barkey.  Mr. Barkey would eventually go into combat with the
325th Checkertail Clan.  He would fly a total of 53 combat
missions in both the P-47 (45 missions) and the P-51 (8 missions),
logging over 200 hours of combat flying time.  For his efforts, he
was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross, the Air Medal, with
12 Oak Leaf clusters, three battle stars and a Presidential Unit
Citation.  Mr. Barkey was credited with downing 5 Me-109s and
was credited with a probable, a Macchi 202.  I had the pleasure of
meeting Mr. Barkey on many occasions as he was a terrific
gentleman, always smiling, happy to talk airplanes and generous
with his time.  He was a true gentleman and a hero.
Above and right:  Photographs of Air Corps Cadets having fun
in Hot Springs, Arkansas.  In the photo to the right, the cadets
are identified as (L to R):  Dick (no last name), Blaine Madden
and Jim (unknown last name).  
In the photograph above the man on the mule is identified as
Melvin Meyers, Blaine Madden is sitting on the left in the cart,
and the male on the right is identified only as "me."  
The photograph to the right is dated December 24, 1943.  The
photograph above is dated January 1944.
Both Dick and Blaine can be seen wearing the same type of
cadet jacket as shown below, with the Air Corps cadet patch on
the right lower arm, just visible in the photos.
Left:  An Army Air Corps/Force cadet sidecap with correct cadet
insignia, displayed along with a pair of WWII era headphones.
        A recent addition, an early WWII, two bladed Hartzell propeller made in Piqua, Ohio.  
This particular propeller, model C 707, Serial Number 32843 was primary used on the Cessna
T-50/UC-78, commonly called the "Bamboo bomber."  The Bamboo bomber was used for
training at Yuma Army Air Field for several years during WWII.
     The original wartime Yuma Army Air Field decals still covers the center section of the
propeller.